Accessibility Angle: Accessibility Best Practices-Issues and Solutions

Accessibility Best Practices: Issues and Solutions

Following our regular series on accessibility. Tania Heap lists common issues faculty face and possible solutions anyone can use.

Common Issues

Basic Solutions

Required course materials (i.e., on which students are assessed) are not accessible

Anything that is required must be accessible. If optional/supplemental material is not fully accessible, clearly communicate that the material is optional.

Poor logical structure (e.g., no use of Styles in Word, no heading levels in Canvas)

Clearly organized content (look at both visual and logical structure of content). Use proper markup (Styles in Word, Header levels in Canvas editor).

Scanned documents (e.g., PDFs)

PDF remediation (make it tagged and run OCR - optical character recognition - in Acrobat Pro)

No text equivalents for graphics

Add a brief alt-text for informational graphics; longer text descriptions for complex graphics (bar charts, maps); mark non-informational images as decorative in Canvas

No transcripts or captions for audio and video

Captioning for video; text transcripts for audio

Stay tuned for more tips from our Accessibility Angle.